Three hundred and seventy nine students, who have successfully completed training in a variety of disciplines, are now empowered to become entrepreneurs. The large batch graduated on Friday, at a ceremony held at the National Cultural Centre.Minister Nicolette Henry (second from left), Permanent Secretary Alfred King (left), and officials within the Education Ministry along with students who graduated from the Youth Entrepreneurial Skills Training programmeThe batch completed training under the Youth Entrepreneurial Skills Training Programme (YEST), conducted at the Kuru Kuru Training Centre (KKTC), Soesdyke/Linden Highway, the Sophia Training Centre (STC) in Georgetown and the Vrymen’s Erven Training Centre in Berbice.The programme, which was established under the previous Administration, is offered to youths between the ages of 16 and 25. Youths attending KKTC are trained for 10 months while those at the STC and Vrymen’s Erven Centre undergo six months of training.Headed by the Education Ministry’s Department of Culture, Youth and Sport, YEST continues to offer skills training and entrepreneurship, to enhance the employment potential of young people who have left the formal school system.The students received training in the disciplines of cosmetology, information technology, masonry, carpentry, welding, and mechanics, among others at the various training centres.Minister within the Education Ministry, Nicolette Henry, delivered the charge to the students, noting that she is proud of the dedication and hard work which led to the success of the students.The Minister told the graduates that they were exposed to skills training that now give them the opportunity to become well rounded individuals. “You are now in a position to play a meaningful role in the development of your different communities, and eventually that of our country”.The graduates were urged by Minister Henry to use the skills they have acquired to equip themselves for the challenges they will face. “There will be challenges ahead of you and you will have to translate what you have learned during your training to deal with those challenges,” the Minister explained.Minister Henry also encouraged the graduates to be responsible, positive, and passionate, and share their knowledge, to be a role model, and to give back to their communities.
About fifty leaders of the slum community of West Point yesterday assembled at the grounds of the Foreign Ministry begging for government’s help in getting them a suitable place to stay.The group, under the banner, Disaster Victims Association-Liberia, visited the Foreign Ministry, which also hosts President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and her staff, with placards calling for government’s intervention.Some of their placards had inscriptions such as “Madam President remember your November 19, 2015 message to us on our relocation”; “No one cares for us,”; “Remember Madam President your people are dying from sea erosion”; and, “We don’t want to sleep with our brothers.”The Disaster Victims Association’s Rapid Response Agent, Mrs. Cecelia T. Nimeley, said the people of West Point are seriously suffering.‘’Our houses are undermined by sea erosion and this leads to the loss of our homes and properties all the time. The sea is wiping West Point away and if urgent attention is not given by the government to relocate the residents of the township it will be a more challenging disaster.”According to Mrs. Nimeley the leadership of West point has engaged government on the crisis many times but no response to change the situation for good for them has ever come from the government. She said they have written many letters to the WHO, UNDP, WFP, among other international donors, and the National Legislature for help, but none has yet responded to their communications.The Rapid Response Agent explained that nowadays 15 or more people sleep in one room. “Some sleep in school buildings, churches and marketplaces. Our children are not going to school and we lack our basic human needs due to the prevailing conditions,” she said.For his part, Mr. Dee Moore, who is the chairman of the Disaster Victims Association- Liberia, said that their struggle to have access to a “good living place” will not end until it is realized.The chairman, who said he is the head of the 4,000 plus member Disaster Victims Association, explained that since 2014 his leadership has constantly reminded government of its promise to relocate the people of West Point to the Monrovia-Bomi highway.Interestingly yesterday, Mr. More and few of his co-workers were invited to the office of the President for consultations. Mr. Moore meanwhile did not disclose the outcome of his meeting with President Sirleaf today on grounds that an official press conference will be convened at his office as soon as possible. According to an Executive Mansion release, the Liberian President urged the West Point Erosion victims to work closely with the Monrovia City Corporation , led by Mayor Clara Doe Mvogo, as well as the Commissioner of West Point, Sampson Nyan, to fast-track the various processes being initiated to ensure their relocation.She assured the delegation that some actions will be taken to assist the most vulnerable while the long-term process of relocating all the affected residents is pursued.Mayor Mvogo and West Point Commissioner Nyan briefed President Sirleaf and the 3-member delegation about the relocation process and assured them that the situation will be remedied subsequently. They called on the affected residents to work with them to bring relief to their people. The West Point delegation included Reverend Demoe W. Moore, David S. Grant and Ma Lucy Barbior.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
DAWSON CREEK, B.C. – Wade White and Cathy King were the winning skips at last weekend’s Alberta Senior Provincial Curling Championships at the Dawson Creek Curling Club.King, who was favoured to win the Women’s bracket, earned herself a bye to the finals after going f-1 in the round robin. The two Peace Region-based rinks skipped by Marlene Maxwell and Janet Plante both had records of 3-4, dropping them from semi-final contention. Terri Loblaw and Michelle Ewanchuk ended up was the semi-final contestants, and Loblaw’s rink would advance to the final to face King after a 6-4 victory in the semi-final. King however would end up taking the win over Loblaw’s rink to be crowned provincial champion after winning the final 5-2.Cathy Kings rink after winning Alberta Senior Provincials on Sunday. Photo by Cody Crick/Dawson Creek Curling Club- Advertisement -On the Men’s side, Dawson Creek’s Darrel Veiner got knocked out of contention for the playoffs with a 2-5 record in the round robin. Meanwhile, Kurt Balderston’s rink from Grande Prairie had a perfect record through the entire round robin to finish first. Wade White and Scott Egger would face each other in the semis, with White’s rink winning the right to play against Balderston in the final by the score of 5-3. In Sunday’s final, it was a low-scoring affair with just five points scored between the two teams. In the end, White’s rink broke Balderston’s winning streak 3-2 to win the Men’s tournament.Wade Whites rink after winning Alberta Senior Provincials on Sunday. Photo by Cody Crick/Dawson Creek Curling Club
Several other fifth-year Bulldogs had memorable final games. Devin Cates scored his team-leading ninth touchdown reception. Cates had 36 yards on two catches. Ian Corwin finished 10-of-14 for 146 yards, two touchdowns and zero interceptions. linebacker Zac Rujawitz led the defense with a career-high 18 tackles, including eight solo. Defensive end Erin Morgan had two tackles and scored his first career touchdown on a trick play. Defensive tackle Jacob Murry recorded four tackles. Offensive lineman Isaiah Kent-Schneider helped pave the way for Lauer in his 10th start this season. Wide receiver Steven Doran missed the game due to injury but the made trip as he closed out his great career. Drake (6-5, 6-2 PFL) secured its fourth-straight winning season and its 14th in the past 15 seasons. The Bulldogs’ defense came through with several clutch stops, including multiple late in the game as Davidson (8-4, 5-3 PF) tried to rally. The Wildcats rushed for 306 yards but passed for just 14 yards on one reception. Coming into the game, Davidson’s offense averaged 444.2 yards per game. Final Box Score Story Links On the opening drive, Davidson moved 87 yards taking 11 minutes off the clock as Wesley Dugger put the Wildcats on the scoreboard on a one-yard touchdown dive. “We came out wanting to send the seniors off with a great memory,” said Drake head coach Todd Stepsis. “We did that today and we can take this into the offseason, into spring ball and build something special off this win. This was a much-needed building block from a hard-fought, physical game. Now we need to take the next step into the offseason and help us move in the right direction where we want to be.” Davidson had another long drive this one going six minutes and it ended with Eli Turner’s three-yard touchdown, cutting deficit to 24-21. Caden Meis fumbled on the Bulldogs’ next drive, but Drake’s defense held and forced Davidson to turn it over on downs. The Bulldogs’ offense bounced back with a strong drive going 66 yards on eight plays, including key long catches by Mitch McFarlane and Cates. Lauer scored another touchdown, this one a four-yard toss from Corwin. That touchdown pushed the lead to 31-21. The Wildcats briefly took the lead after they scored on their next drive. However, the lead didn’t last long as Drake answered with back-to-back touchdown drives to lead 21-14 at halftime. One of the touchdowns came courtesy of some trickery as senior holder Alex Bray found Morgan on a perfectly executed fake field goal attempt. Morgan, one of Drake’s fifth year seniors and team captain, scored his first career touchdown from 13 yards out. The other touchdown was a four-yard touchdown pass from Corwin to Cates, his team-leading ninth TD catch of the season. Davidson scored another touchdown to pull within three points at 31-28. Later, Drake avoided disaster after a bad snap on a punt that put Davidson in good field goal position. However, the Bulldogs’ defense stepped up again with another turnover on downs. Drake had to punt the football back to Davidson with 2:42 left in the game, but once again the Bulldogs’ defense answered this time with another fourth down stop. Drake’s offense took over and ran out the clock for the win. Print Friendly Version Full Schedule Roster In his final game as a Bulldog, fifth-year half back Drew Lauer recorded his seventh 100-plus rushing performance this season. Lauer rushed 25 times for 127 yards and one touchdown. He finished the year with 1,127 yards rushing, the most by a Bulldogs’ back since Scott Phaydavong had 1,194 in 2007. Lauer added 63 receiving yards on three catches and one touchdown reception. Drake answered before the end of the opening quarter. Helped by Davidson’s personal foul on the Bulldogs’ punt, the drive continued as Lauer rushed for 30 total yards as the team went 68 yards. The last from five yards out for his team-leading 12th rushing touchdown. “Every time today when we needed a response or an answer we came through,” Stepsis said. “The defense didn’t start out well, but when we needed them they came up with several four -and-outs. The offense had some great drives too and really came through when we needed them.” HTML Box Score Drake received the football to start the third quarter. Corwin connected with Lauer on a big 55-yard reception that put the Bulldogs deep in Wildcats’ territory. But the drive stalled out as Nathan De Bruin made a 21-yard field goal, his first field goal since the Morehead State win on Oct. 26, to extend lead to 24-14. DAVIDSON, N.C. – The Drake University football team closed the 2019 season with a 31-28 Pioneer Football League road win over Davidson Saturday afternoon at Richardson Stadium.
Two major Donegal bus companies are vowing to drop students at their college’s main student accommodation on the late Sunday night services.This allays the worries parents may have about their children traveling on public transport late at night, particularly first years who may not be familiar with Dublin, Galway, or Sligo yet.Bus Feda and Mc Ginley’s say that as students prepare to begin their new college term, Donegal parents may be concerned about how their children are getting home from the bus stop. Bus Feda has promised to deliver students to main student accommodation areas in Galway, Sligo and Letterkenny (NUIG, GMIT, IT Sligo, LYIT) with Mc Ginley’s vowing to drop students at DCU, UCD, St. Pats and NUI Maynooth in Dublin/Kildare.A spokesperson for Bus Feda says; “This means that students don’t have to get another bus, taxi or walk too far when they get off the Bus Feda Bus.”James Mc Ginley of Mc Ginley Coach Travel said; “all indications are that the numbers of students traveling to Dublin this year are increasing, we have seen huge numbers of students traveling on our services over the last few weeks looking for accommodation and getting ready for their return to college”.“On Sunday night we drop at DCU, UCD, St. Pats and NUI Maynooth and students find this college drop-off service particularly useful, it’s very reassuring for parents to know that their teenagers are being dropped off at the college campuses in most cases,” James added. McGinley’s have been operating this service since 1986 and serve most parts of North Donegal from Annagry in the West of the county to Inishowen and Derry.McGinley’s operate a daily service to Dublin – for more information check www.johnmcginley.com or call 074-9135201.Bus Feda operate a daily service to Galway via Sligo – for more information check www.busfeda.ie.Parents’ relief as Donegal buses to drop students at campuses on late Sunday night runs was last modified: September 1st, 2017 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegaldublinfeda busGalwaymc ginleyssligo
Highland Motors is holding a flash sale for the next 10 days, with prices of up to €5,000 being slashed off their new and used stock. Included in the sale are various makes of models of passenger cars and commercial vehicles.Lawrence Harrigan of Highland Motors stated; “We have a vehicle to suit everyone in our Flash Sale, whether you’re looking for a small run around, a family car, an SUV, or commercial vehicles – you will be happy with what we have available.” Finance is available and trade ins are welcome, and all cars sold come with a warranty which offers customer’s great peace of mind when driving away in their new car.All cars and vans included in the sales are parked in the front forecourt at Highland Motors in the Mountain Top, so can be easily seen as soon as you come up to the show room.Brands included in the sale are; Renault, Dacia, Honda, Citroen, Toyota, Opel, Peugeot and Kia.Highland Motors strive to offer customers an exceptional car-buying experience and have over 40 years of experience in doing just that. Highland Motors are one of the largest vehicle dealership in Donegal, and are the only authorised dealers for Renault, Dacia, Citroen and Honda along with having a large selection of used cars as well.Highland Motors have a state of the art recently upgraded service centre to ensure all your vehicle maintenance needs can also be satisfied also.For more details on this sensational Flash Sale call up to Highland Motors at the Mountain Top phone them on 074 91 28777 or visit www.highlandrenault.com.Enormous price cuts as Highland Motors begin flash sale was last modified: September 6th, 2017 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:carHighland MotorsNewSALEused
The Taoiseach and Minister with Responsibility for Defence are being urged to provide details of the measures they have in place when a threat from an emergency situation – such as wildfires, floods and natural disasters – are posed. The calls come following last month’s devastating gorse fires which caused widespread destruction across huge swathes of west Donegal.Scores of local community members, volunteers and the emergency services eventually helped extinguish the fires. The government faced heavy criticism at the time over the delay in granting approval for the Air Corp helicopter to be deployed to attend to the scene.In urging the government to outline the work being done to ensure that communities receive adequate supports when faced with a similar crisis in future, Pearse Doherty said: “It’s over two weeks on now since those major wildfires to ravage large parts of west Donegal were successfully put out.“Everyone concerned rallied around and did their bit to help bring the fires under control, including local farmers, business owners and others who brought in water tankers and took other measures to assist the emergency services.“In fact, the Gardaí, Donegal Fire Service personnel, the army, members of the Air Corp, and all the emergency responders who were deployed to tend to the blaze that weekend cannot be commended enough for what they did tackle, what were, some of the worst wildfires to strike the county in many years. “And while nothing should be said or done to downplay nor negate the tremendous and life-saving work done by the emergency services, we are still waiting for a full explanation in relation to just why it took so long for the government to give the green light for the Air Corp helicopter to arrive in order to provide assistance.“This is despite the fact that it was clear to everyone who was present in the area quite early on over the course of that fateful weekend that a number of properties and homes were in danger, and that the fires posed a real and substantive risk to human life. “In their immediate aftermath, I called on the Minister (Paul Kehoe) to carry out an urgent review into what lessons had been learnt from those fires in order to ascertain what the various authorities and emergency services could take away from the experience with the view to improving how the state co-ordinates its overall response to such crisis situations going forward. “Not only should this include examining the procedures which are to be adopted by first responders and other authorities when events like this occur but also looking at how measures to mitigate against fires, such as hedgerow trimming and roadside maintenance, can be improved.“In addition, I requested that the Minister task his officials with also exploring the various ways which the state could potentially facilitate and even compliment the work of the emergency services by perhaps equipping volunteers and communities in some way, and looking at how we could compensate them accordingly for their assistance. “Unbelievably, however, I am still waiting to receive a reply from the Minister and his officials to those very questions – despite my correspondence having been sent to him over a fortnight ago.“Naturally, when it comes to dealing with major emergencies like we witnessed in this county last month, no one can afford to be complacent in terms of how we respond and plan for them, particularly whenever people’s lives are on the line. “There can be no excuse for the lack of urgency being shown by the government here, and so this week I will again be seeking urgent answers from both the Taoiseach and the Minister and I will be calling on them to give details of the steps being taken to ensure that, when faced with similar emergency situations in future, communities can be assured that they receive a fully co-ordinated, well resourced and planned emergency response.”Govt needs to outline the lessons learned from Donegal gorse fires – Doherty was last modified: May 8th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:West Donegal
Gildah Tshukutswane always wanted to buy greeting cards in her mother tongue and this inspired her to start a business that sells colourful birthday, wedding, Christmas and thank you cards with messages in South Africa’s indigenous languages.(Image: Pick n Pay) Through Gildah Tshukutswane’s business, African Greetings, she wants to promote South Africa’s diversity of languages and make people conscious of other cultures.(Image: Wilma den Hartigh)MEDIA CONTACTS• Gildah Tshukutswane African Greetings+27 82 924 6254Wilma den HartighSouth African entrepreneur Gildah Tshukutswane has turned her dream of creating greeting cards in African languages into a successful business.Her start-up African Greetings sells a range of colourful birthday, wedding, Christmas and thank you cards with messages in all 11 of South Africa’s official indigenous languages. Each card is illustrated with a photograph or traditional symbol that is specific to the language of the card, such as a Zulu shield, Basotho hat, an African musical instrument and even South African bushveld scenes.Tshukutswane first got the idea to make greeting cards that are distinctly South African in 2005, when she realised that retailers don’t sell any greeting cards that contain messages in African languages.“I always thought it would be exciting to buy a card in my mother tongue,” says Tshukutswane. “I could send my mother a mother’s day card in Tswana and it would put a smile on her face.”Tshukutswane immediately saw a gap in the market, but without a background in graphic design or the greeting cards industry, she first wanted to make sure that her business idea was a viable one.“I read a report about the greeting cards industry that said in 2009 in South Africa the industry was worth US$50 million (R449-million), and the value projected for 2014 is $80 million (R717-million),” she says.Tshuktswane knew she had a good idea, and that greeting cards still have a place in modern society where communication using mobile phones, email, Twitter and Facebook is becoming the norm.“As brilliant as technology is, we still need that human touch. We need to connect in person,” she says.Cutting, pasting and coming up with ideasTshuktswane, who works as an IT and management consultant, bought a craft book on how to make greeting cards. She spent hours over weekends and in the evenings cutting, pasting, folding and experimenting with different types of cardboard, images, fonts, colours and designs.She spoke to people fluent in different languages about the types of messages and images that would interest them.As a sample exercise, she designed and printed 4 000 cards in English, Sotho, Zulu and Xhosa to present to retailers – but getting them interested in her business idea wasn’t easy.“Almost all of them turned us down. They told me there are too many cards in the store,” she says.Although she was disappointed, she didn’t give up.“I felt there was a need for the product and I didn’t want to let go of the idea.”She attended a small business seminar hosted by supermarket giant Pick n Pay to find out how small suppliers can access the retail market. Here she had an opportunity to tell Suzanne Ackerman-Berman, the retailer’s ethics and transformation director, about her idea.“Pick n Pay was prepared to try it out and placed a selection of cards in two key stores,” she says. Today the cards are sold in 21 stores across Gauteng, and the business has expanded to include online sales, too.“We are very grateful to Pick n Pay for the opportunity. We didn’t want hand-outs, we just wanted an opportunity to sell what we have,” she says.Preserving Africa’s languagesWith the cards Tshuktswane wants to promote South Africa’s diversity of languages.“We need to celebrate and preserve our indigenous languages,” she says. “With the cards we are making people conscious of other cultures.”Printing so many cards in multiple languages and themes is a logistical feat, and she works closely with designers and translators to ensure that each card is linguistically and culturally accurate.Distribution is also tricky as sales depend entirely on the geographical location of the store. Zulu cards, for example, sell better in Johannesburg than in Pretoria.This year she wants to print the English translation of the message on the back of each card.“This way the cards also serve an educational purpose to teach people about other languages,” says Tshuktswane.Developing new talent, finding fresh designsShe has big dreams for her business; they involve expanding into other markets on the continent and building a stronger online presence.Through crowd sourcing techniques she wants to create a network of graphic designers who are willing to submit their card designs. Then, people can vote for their favourite designs and the winning entries will be printed. Designers will be paid a percentage of both online and printed card sales.“I also want to expand the business because then I can create employment,” she explains. “The dream is quite big.”Tshuktswane feels that the development of entrepreneurs is important for South Africa’s economic growth, but small business owners need access to markets. “Retailers should be willing to give opportunities to small businesses, as this is the only way to grow the economy.”
When Canada switched on its Boundary Dam power plant earlier this month, it signaled a new front in the war against climate change. The commercial turbine burns coal, the dirtiest of fossil fuels, but it traps nearly all the resulting carbon dioxide underground before it reaches the atmosphere. Part of this greenhouse gas is pumped into porous, water-bearing underground rock layers. Now, a new study provides the first field evidence that CO2 can be stored safely for a million years in these saline aquifers, assuaging worries that the gas might escape back into the atmosphere.“It’s a very comprehensive piece of work,” says geochemist Stuart Gilfillan of the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, who was not involved in the study. “The approach is very novel.”There have been several attempts to capture the carbon dioxide released by the world’s 7000-plus coal-fired plants. Pilot projects in Algeria, Japan, and Norway indicate that CO2 can be stored in underground geologic formations such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, deep coal seams, and saline aquifers. In the United States, saline aquifers are believed to have the largest capacity for CO2 storage, with potential sites spread out across the country, and several in western states such as Colorado also host large coal power plants. CO2 pumped into these formations are sealed under impermeable cap rocks, where it gradually dissolves into the salty water and mineralizes. Some researchers suggest the aquifers have enough capacity to store a century’s worth of emissions from America’s coal-fired plants, but others worry the gas can leak back into the air through fractures too small to detect.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)To resolve the dilemma, geoscientists need to know how long it takes for the trapped CO2 to dissolve. The faster the CO2 dissolves and mineralizes, the less risk that it would leak back into the atmosphere. But determining the rate of dissolution is no easy feat. Lab simulations suggest that the sealed gas could completely dissolve over 10,000 years, a process too slow to be tested empirically.So computational geoscientist Marc Hesse of the University of Texas, Austin, and colleagues turned to a natural lab: the Bravo Dome gas field in New Mexico, one of the world’s largest natural CO2 reservoirs. Ancient volcanic activities there have pumped the gas into a saline aquifer 700 meters underground. Since the 1980s, oil companies have drilled hundreds of wells there to extract the gas for enhanced oil recovery, leaving a wealth of data on the site’s geology and CO2 storage.To find out how fast CO2 dissolves in the aquifers, the researchers needed to know two things: the total amount of gas dissolved at the reservoir and how long it has been there. Because the gas is volcanic in origin, the researchers reasoned that it must have arrived at Bravo Dome steaming hot—enough to warm up the surrounding rocks. So they examined the buildup of radiogenic elements in the mineral apatite. These elements accumulate at low temperatures, but are released if the mineral is heated above 75°C, allowing the researchers to determine when the mineral was last heated above such a high temperature. The team estimated that the CO2 was pumped into the reservoir about 1.2 million years ago.Then the scientists calculated the amount of gas dissolved over the millennia, using the helium-3 isotope as a tracer. Like CO2, helium-3 is released during volcanic eruptions, and it is rather insoluble in saline water. By studying how the ratio of helium-3 to CO2 changes across the reservoir, the researchers found that out of the 1.6 gigatons of gas trapped underground at the reservoir, only a fifth has dissolved over 1.2 million years. That’s the equivalent of 75 years of emissions from a single 500-megawatt coal power plant, they report online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.More intriguingly, the analysis also provided the first field evidence of how CO2 dissolves after it is pumped into the aquifers. In theory, the CO2 dissolves through diffusion, which takes place when the gas comes into contact with the water surface. But the process could move faster if convection—in which water saturated with CO2 sinks and fresh water flows into its place to absorb more gas—were also at work. Analysis revealed that at Bravo Dome, 10% of the total gas at the reservoir dissolved after the initial emplacement. Diffusion alone cannot account for that amount, the researchers argue, as the gas accumulating at the top of the reservoir would have quickly saturated still water. Instead, convection most likely occurred.Hesse says constraints on convection might explain why CO2 dissolves much more slowly in saline aquifers at Bravo Dome than previously estimated, at a rate of 0.1 gram per square meter per year. The culprit would be the relatively impermeable Brava Dome rocks, which limit water flow and thus the rate of convective CO2 dissolution. At storage sites with more porous rocks, the gas could dissolve much faster and mineralize earlier, he says.Even so, the fact that CO2 stayed locked up underground for so long at Bravo Dome despite ongoing industrial drilling should allay concerns about potential leakage, Hesse says. Carbon capture and storage “can work, if you do it in the right place,” he says. “[This is] an enormous amount of CO2 that has sat there, for all we can tell, very peacefully for more than a million years.”
Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH “The players stepped up and we are fortunate to have good subs,” said Manila coach Aris Caslib whose team faces JPV at home on Tuesday before clashing with Ceres Negros on Sunday.Over at Panaad Stadium in Bacolod City, Ceres Negros returned to winning ways after a 5-0 drubbing of JPV Marikina. —CEDELF P. TUPASFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout LATEST STORIES Substitute Jinggoy Valmayor scored in the 92nd minute as Meralco Manila subdued Kaya Makati, 1-0, Saturday night to keep top spot in the Philippines Football League.The former University of the Philippines standout headed home a cross from Daniel Gadia right at the death as the Sparks prevailed in a physical duel between the two Big City rivals.ADVERTISEMENT Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:22Manila police chief: Cops tolerating illegal street vendors to get ax01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Team Yellow tames Blue in PVL All-Star Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA MOST READ Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View comments