Planetary scientists have long wondered why some regions of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, exhibit few impact craters. Now, a new study suggests that the areas where craters are sparse or missing were once sediment-saturated wetlands or shallow seas that swallowed up evidence that impacts occurred.The relatively smooth face of Titan is nothing like the pockmarked surface of our moon. The scars of impact craters are noticeably absent from Titan’s polar regions, for example. And the craters that are present on Titan appear to be much shallower than expected, based on their diameter. Titan has a thick atmosphere, which protects the orb against the impacts of small objects (they’re pulverized as they blaze through the atmosphere) and supports weather and erosion that can help hide or erase craters that do form. To date, researchers have tallied 61 definite or potential craters on the entire surface of Titan, most of them 20 kilometers across or wider, says Catherine Neish, a planetary scientist at Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne. Of that number, 11 have been dubbed “certain” craters, and the remainder are considered either “near certain” or “probable.”To explain the clear patches, previous studies have suggested various crater-erasing scenarios. For instance, some scientists have proposed that large amounts of sediment carried by streams of liquid methane and ethane from highland areas could have masked lowland craters. But that scenario doesn’t explain the presence of several craters in Xanadu, a broad area near Titan’s equator that is far from any hills.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Similarly, some researchers have proposed that windblown sand may have smothered craters. But that explanation doesn’t wash, Neish says, because most of Titan’s sand dunes are found in highland areas, and there’s no evidence of sand in the crater-free polar regions. Widespread cryovolcanism—the eruption of water, liquid methane, or other volatile substances rather than molten rock—doesn’t explain why craters appear in some lowland areas but not others. Neither does the languid rain of hydrocarbon particles produced by photochemical reactions in Titan’s hazy skies. Those particles pile up at an estimated rate of 6 meters every 1 billion years, not nearly fast enough to obscure a 1-kilometer-or-more-deep crater in the 4.56 billion years since our solar system formed.But previous studies haven’t considered a scenario in which objects slamming into Titan land in a surface layer of liquid, such as a shallow sea, or in porous, soggy sediments—such as those in the region where the Huygens probe landed in 2005. In such areas, layers of mushy material could be hundreds of meters thick or more, Neish says. Both shallow seas and soggy wetlands—areas where flowing fluids would naturally collect—would be found more often in lowland areas, she notes. Impacts in an ocean, as on Earth, wouldn’t leave a noticeable scar. And an impact that occurred in a wetland would quickly be erased. Almost immediately, the soggy material around the crater walls would slump in to fill the hole. Impacts at wet or soggy sites also typically don’t create a crater with rim that stands high above the surrounding terrain—another reason the cosmic pockmark could be more quickly erased.Titan’s topographical data bolster this notion, Neish and her colleague Ralph Lorenz of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland, contend in the 15 January 2014 issue of Icarus. On average, Titan’s craters are located at higher-than-average elevations. Specifically, half of Titan’s craters lie on terrain 100 meters or more higher than Titan’s average elevation.The presence of lowland craters in Titan’s Xanadu lowlands—some of the oldest terrain on the satellite—can likely be explained by the age of the impacts, Neish and Lorenz contend. If the craters were blasted before Titan’s atmosphere formed, they appeared when the surface was dry and craters would have remained relatively intact. The weather and other processes that tend to erase large craters wouldn’t have had enough time to hide these pockmarks.The team’s scenario “is an interesting model,” says Jonathan Lunine, a planetary scientist at Cornell University. “It’s certainly possible that the preference of craters for higher elevations suggests that liquid methane/ethane was present in significant amounts in lowlands, but it doesn’t prove that such liquids were present,” he notes.Buried craters would be difficult to discern from an orbiting craft, the researchers say. So discovering any scars from past impacts that are now filled in might not be possible until rovers with sediment-penetrating radar meander the terrain beneath Titan’s hazy skies.*Correction, 2 December, 12:35 p.m.: This article has been updated to reflect the as-of date for Titan’s crater census.
New Delhi, Oct 12 (PTI) All India Council of Sports (AICS) president Vijay Kumar Malhotra today congratulated the Indian archery team for winning three medals at the World Archery Youth Championships in Rosario, Argentina.India won one gold, one silver and a bronze in various categories in the recently-concluded World Archery Youth Championship.Mixed pair of Jemson Ningthoujam and Ankita Bhakat clinched the recurve team gold.This is Indias first world title at the youth championships since Deepika Kumaris victories in 2009 and 2011.Ningthoujam also returned with another medal when he along with Shukmani Gajanan Babrekar and Atul Verma lost to a much-favoured Korean squad in the final of the mens team event to settle for silver.India took the bronze medal in the compound cadet womens event when Khushbu Dhayal, Sanchita Tiwari and Divya Dhayal defeated their opponents from Great Britain 212-206 in the play-off.The mixed team gold is Indias fourth World Archery Championship title across all disciplines. Deepika had won the recurve cadet title in 2009 and recurve junior crown in 2011.Palton Hansda, in 2006, was the first Indian archer to be crowned world champion when he took gold in the compound junior mens event.Malhotra, who was also the president of Archery Association of India (AAI), congratulated the archery team and blessed them by saying that they should maintain their form to win medals in next years Asian Games. PTI SSC SSC
Bournemouth 0 Leicester City 0: Cherries dominate in goalless draw Guy Atkinson Last updated 2 years ago 23:55 30/9/2017 Getty Images Jermain Defoe’s effort against the crossbar in just the second minute was the closest either side came to grabbing a winner in a dour draw. Bournemouth and Leicester City’s difficult starts to the Premier League season continued as they played out an uninspiring 0-0 draw at the Vitality Stadium. The Cherries dominated for large swathes of the game and will be disappointed not to have claimed all three points after carving out a number of excellent opportunities. The best of them fell to Jermain Defoe in just the second minute as he crashed a shot against the crossbar, while Marc Pugh thought his side should have had a penalty when Danny Simpson blocked his goal-bound effort with his arm from the rebound. Leicester offered little going forward, but could have snatched just their second league win of the campaign through Shinji Okazaki in the second half – the Japan international firing wide with only Asmir Begovic to beat. Joshua King in first half action at Vitality Stadium… #afcb pic.twitter.com/utsFlEIOKX— AFC Bournemouth (@afcbournemouth) 30 September 2017Bournemouth started at a blistering pace and had two golden opportunities to take the lead inside the opening five minutes. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. The first fell to Defoe as he thumped a close-range shot against the crossbar from Josh King’s teasing cross. Pugh’s follow-up effort appeared to hit Simpson’s hand on its way towards an empty net, but referee Graham Scott remained unmoved by the midfielder’s protestations. Pugh was involved again shortly after as he met Defoe’s pull back just inside the area. He failed to make a clean connection, though, and his shot bobbled harmlessly past Kasper Schmeichel’s right-hand post. Bournemouth’s dominance continued and they should have broken the deadlock midway through the opening period when King met Pugh’s pull back 12 yards out, but like his team-mate’s earlier chance, the Norwegian scuffed his shot wide with the goal at his mercy.Pugh’s action-packed first half showed no sign of slowing down as he then drilled narrowly over after Wes Morgan’s clearance had fallen to him inside the area.Craig Shakespeare introduced Vicente Iborra at the break in a bid to prevent his side being overrun in midfield, but it did little to quell the incessant tide of Bournemouth attacks. Junior Stanislas was the next to come close, firing a low shot from outside the area that Schmeichel got down well to hold. Leicester had to wait until just before the hour for their first chance and it should have seen them take an undeserved lead. Marc Albrighton’s deep cross fell to the feet of Okazaki just 10 yards out, but the striker inexplicably sent his shot wide of the target. Pugh was back in the action again shortly after as he arrowed a long-range strike just past Schmeichel’s post, before Lewis Cook sent a dipping effort over. An uncharacteristically quiet Jamie Vardy thrashed wide late on for Leicester, which was a fitting end to a game desperately lacking in quality.Key Opta stats: – Bournemouth are unbeaten in all five Premier League meetings with Leicester City, although four have ended level (W1 D4 L0).- Leicester City have won just five points from seven games so far this season, their joint-lowest return at this stage of a Premier League campaign alongside 1994-95, 2001-02 and 2003-04.- The Cherries kept their first Premier League clean sheet in 10 matches, since a 1-0 win over Sunderland in April.- Leicester have won just once in their last 10 Premier League matches under Craig Shakespeare (W1 D3 L6), this after winning seven of the first 10 under his stewardship.- Jermain Defoe (29) had fewer touches of the ball than any other Bournemouth outfield player to start this match – he wasn’t able to hit the target with a shot, either.- Bournemouth have won just four points from their seven Premier League games this term, fewer than in both 2015-16 (7) and 2016-17 (8) at this stage of the season. read more
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Arsenal hero Keown slams quality of Leno: Cech superiorby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal hero Martin Keown has slammed the quality of Bernd Leno.The Gunners lost 5-1 at Liverpool on Saturday.Keown slammed the defenders in their poor efforts for some of Liverpool’s goals, and he also questioned the quality of goalkeeper Leno.”Leno didn’t even make the German squad,” said Keown. “Is he better than Petr Cech? No I don’t think so, but Petr Cech hasn’t played since September.”
Everton hero Tim Cahill linked with Millwallby Paul Vegas17 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveEverton hero Tim Cahill could be returning to English football.The Telegraph says he’s a candidate for the Millwall manager’s job.Following Neil Harris’ surprise resignation last week, the Championship outfit are now eyeing a replacement and Cahill is reportedly among those linked with the post.The 39-year-old Australian is on a list of managerial candidates listed as potential suitors for the vacant role. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
labs where students work with technology first-hand such as 3D printers and can gain skill and experience in engineering, metal and woodworking, fashion, textiles, electronics, robotics, rapid prototyping and fabrication, computer programming, video-audio engineering and more a project-based learning fund designed to assist teachers by providing resources and support for science, technology, engineering-entrepreneurship, arts and math projects programming, special events and collaboration with industry. Students will be able to foster creativity and entrepreneurial spirit during the 2015-2016 school year. Premier Stephen McNeil and Education and Early Childhood Development Minister Karen Casey announced today, April 7, that Brilliant Labs will open in all eight school boards across the province in September. “This government is working to improve Nova Scotia’s education system,” said Premier McNeil. “Though we are in times of financial restraint, our students and their education are one of the best investments we can make. They are the future of this province.” Brilliant Labs offers students opportunities including: Brilliant Labs supports the 3 Rs: Renew, Refocus and Rebuild in Nova Scotia’s Action Plan for Education, by providing students with a hands-on way to explore science, technology, engineering-entrepreneurship, arts and math-related fields. “Brilliant Labs helps teachers incorporate technology, creativity, and entrepreneurship into the classroom,” said Ms. Casey. “Students are encouraged to be creative and explore new ways of using technology, helping prepare them for the type of innovation needed to have success in any field.” Government will invest $400,000 in Brilliant Labs. The Annapolis Valley Regional School Board, Chignecto-Central Regional School Board, Halifax Regional School Board, South Shore Regional School Board, Strait Regional School Board and Tri-County Regional School Board will each have a permanent lab. The Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board will have a mobile lab and the Conseil scolaire acadien provincial will have a pop-up, portable lab. Brilliant Carts, which are portable mini-labs, will also be available to students in all school boards. Brilliant Labs, a not-for-profit organization, and its partners have been highly successful in New Brunswick where they work with more than 200 schools. “This is about encouraging students to think of new solutions and look at challenges from a different perspective,” said Jeff Willson, executive director of Brilliant Labs. “Through hands-on learning, students get to express their creativity, find innovative new ways to use technology to solve problems and put their ideas into action.” This is an example of the initiatives the oneNS Coalition has said will help create opportunities for youth by equipping them with the entrepreneurial, math, science and technological skills they need in today’s world.
OTTAWA – “The prime minister has broken two promises, two direct promises that put us in this position. One was breaking the promise to renew the environmental assessment process with the (National Energy Board) and secondly a promise to end fossil fuel subsidies. He’s broken two promises.” — Jagmeet Singh, May 23___To get elected in 2015, Justin Trudeau and the Liberals promised voters to change how environmental assessments were run for projects like pipelines.The Liberal approval — and now purchase — of the Trans Mountain pipeline linking Alberta’s oilsands to the B.C. coast led NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh last week to charge that Trudeau broke his environmental promises, specifically “the promise to renew the environmental assessment process.”Is the NDP leader right?Spoiler alert: The Canadian Press Baloney Meter is a dispassionate examination of political statements culminating in a ranking of accuracy on a scale of “no baloney” to “full of baloney” (complete methodology below).This one earns a rating of “some baloney.” Here’s why.THE FACTSThe Liberal campaign platform promised “robust oversight,” decisions based on science and in the public interest, and to “end the practice of having federal ministers interfere” in an overhauled environmental review process. They also promised to ensure the rights of Indigenous Peoples were upheld, and to review and “restore lost protections” ushered in under the previous Conservative government.“They made it sound like they were going to respect the environment, come up with a new process to abandon the Harper-era process and have a process that looked at the evidence, looked at the impact to coastlines, to the way of life of coastal peoples, look at the impact to the ocean and to the wildlife and marine diversity,” Singh said after a caucus meeting Wednesday.The Liberals’ legislative response to their own expert panel and campaign rhetoric came in the form of Bill C-69.The legislation set out the process for reviews, gave the government the power to refer an assessment to an outside panel of experts, and outlined requirements and funding available for public consultation. It also proposed reducing the time frame for assessment decisions, and left the final say on projects to the environment minister and cabinet.C-69 returned to the House of Commons on Tuesday after a committee recommended hundreds of amendments to the 300-plus-page bill.THE EXPERTSThe campaign promises were not terribly specific, talking about the need to “restore lost protections” alongside modern safeguards, said Martin Olszynski, an assistant professor of law from the University of Calgary.C-69 would modernize the review process and increased transparency, but will fall short of the promise of evidenced-based decisions, said Alana Westwood, science and policy analyst with the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative.The government could have required assessment be peer reviewed, or use the best methods possible, and fully explain conclusions, but that isn’t clearly spelled out in the bill, Westwood said.Jay Morrison, environmental chair for Paddle Canada, said the Liberal changes to protections for navigable waters — any body of water that can be travelled by canoe — have reversed decisions from the previous Conservative government and broadened coverage and tests for projects like new bridges and dams.“We knew a bad thing when we saw it and as far as I’m concerned, this is a huge improvement,” said Morrison, who testified before the Commons committee reviewing C-69.Proposed amendments to C-69 that reference Indigenous knowledge and rights could lead back to the Liberal campaign promise, said Olszynski, but only if the government agrees to the changes.But ultimately, it is a political decision at the end of the process, he said — and that could still lead to charges of political interference.THE VERDICTOverall, the Liberals “could have done better” to meet their promises, Olszynski said. For that reason, Singh’s statement contains “some baloney” — the Liberals have fallen short on some of their environmental review promises, but not the entire suite.And what of the other part of Singh’s declaration, that of Trudeau failing to end fossil fuel subsidies? An argument can be made the Liberals haven’t met that promise through the Trans Mountain purchase, even though the party has repeatedly argued otherwise, said Kathryn Harrison, a professor of political science at the University of British Columbia.“This is clearly a touchy point, given the Trudeau government’s clear commitment there and vulnerability to allegations of broken promises,” Harrison said.METHODOLOGYThe Baloney Meter is a project of The Canadian Press that examines the level of accuracy in statements made by politicians. Each claim is researched and assigned a rating based on the following scale:No baloney — the statement is completely accurateA little baloney — the statement is mostly accurate but more information is requiredSome baloney — the statement is partly accurate but important details are missingA lot of baloney — the statement is mostly inaccurate but contains elements of truthFull of baloney — the statement is completely inaccurate
NEW DELHI: A PIL has been moved in the Delhi High Court seeking directions to the Centre and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to ensure that doctors prescribe medicines by writing their generic names legibly and preferably in capital letters. The petition seeks strict compliance of regulation 1.5 of the MCI (Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Ethics) Regulations, 2002, which mandates every physician “prescribe drugs with generic names legibly and preferably in capital letters”.The plea by Amit Sahni, a lawyer by profession, contends that MCI in 2017 had directed all medical practitioners registered under the Indian Medical Council Act to use generic names, but unfortunately no one takes it seriously. The petition claims that “despite issuance of various notifications and circulars issued by respondent 2 (MCI) to practicing doctors in this regard and even after launching of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushdhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) by respondent 1 (Centre), the respondents have failed to yield any result.” It alleged that authorities have failed to take up the matter seriously and have only confined themselves to issuing circulars. The plea has said that under PMBJP, launched in 2008, generic medicines were supposed to be made available at affordable price. Sahni has sought directions to the government to set up generic medicine shops under PMBJP near all super speciality hospitals in the country. “Generic medicines work in the same way and provide the same clinical benefit as its branded version, but generic medicines cost between 5 per cent to 60 per cent less than branded counterparts… “The doctors do not prescribe generic drugs generally and not done even on specific demand, due to vested interest,” the petition claimed.
The latest on the chaos which has returned to Toronto City Hall.The scene Wednesday reminded many of the scene seen over and over last year. Mayor Rob Ford faced a gauntlet of journalists searching for answers after another video surfaced Tuesday appearing to show the Mayor rambling and intoxicated. And after dodging questions all afternoon, the Mayor eventually relented and held a news conference just before this newscast. But his comments left a lot of questions unanswered: “As you know I’m a human being, the same as every one of you. And I’m entitled to a personal life. And my personal life does not interfere with the work I do day in and day out for the taxpayers of this great city. Monday, unfortunately, I had a minor setback. We all experience these difficult bumps in life. I am telling the Toronto residents that I’m still working hard every day to improve my health and my well being. But again, this is completely a private matter. There are some councillors who claim that my personal life is somehow impacting their work folks that is absolute nonsense. I’ll be happy to take questions on the budget only and if you have any other personal questions i will not be answering those. Thank you very much.”Now, how private is the top magistrate of Toronto’s life when he puts on a drunken rage like the other night. In the first video, the Mayor seems to be up to his old tricks, stumbling around and mumbling nearly incoherently. But the most remarkable part of the video is a section where the mayor adopts a Jamaican accent and goes on a profanity laced rant, about Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair.But perhaps the more disturbing video that surfaced this week, is one in which Ford appears to be having dinner with Sandro Lisi. He is the subject of an on-going police investigation and who is facing charges of extortion, for apparently threatening two drug dealers , in a bid to obtain the notorious “crack video” in which the Mayor is seen, allegedly smoking drugs.Those videos sparked a wild scene this afternoon.Mayor Ford: “They don’t care about the taxpayers I’m the only one that. Guys, you’re going to have to move. (reporter: Mayor Ford were you on illegal drugs monday night?). Move.”Reporter: Mayor Ford, why were you meeting with Sandro Lisi? (scuffle) Ford: “Pushed me man.”New questions arose Wednesday regarding the Mayor’s drinking habits and his claim just last week that he’d quit drinking. Well, Ford apparently changed his mind about that, and that’s raised some new concerns for Toronto councillors.Ford has refused to answer any questions about the videos, and may be wondering about his friends at City Hall as well as Minnan-Wong ripped into the mayor publicly, at the executive committee meeting.Ford called the proposed budget ‘the worst he’s ever seen’ to which Minnan-Wong replied that Ford himself initiated some of the budget spending proposals. He said Ford wasn’t being a leader; he was being a coward. Looks like the soap opera is back here at Toronto City hall.Also Wednesday, Premier Kathleen Wynne weighed in on the renewed controversy surrounding Ford. She says she worries he’s distracting people from what Toronto has to offer: “What concerns me is that the City of Toronto is a wonderful jurisdiction. A wonderful, vibrant place to live, do business, raise a family, and it’s very important to me that people outside of the City of Toronto and outside of Ontario know that. And so to the degree that we’re not talking about what a wonderful place Toronto is, and the fact that it is a terrific place to bring business, that concerns me.”Wynne says she hopes Ford seeks the help and support he needs.
More investment by governments in agriculture and the right farm policies will help keep rural populations on the land, reduce migration, alleviate poverty and ease the pressure on urban centres by cutting pollution, crime and other social ills, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).These and other conclusions come from a major FAO research programme aimed at analyzing the various roles played by agriculture in the societies and economies of developing countries and were made known as Europe and North America come under increased pressure from illegal migrant flows, the Rome-based agency said.“Properly managed, agriculture can not only produce food but also have a positive impact in such areas as poverty alleviation, food security, population distribution, and the environment,” according to the Japanese-funded Roles of Agriculture programme, which was launched in 2000 and targeted 11 countries.Addressing the problem of rural-to-urban migration, the FAO study notes that in the past 50 years some 800 million people have moved from the countryside to the cities. Large numbers have also migrated across borders from south to north and from east to west. The rural exodus looks like it will be gaining momentum as rapid economic growth in India, China and parts of Latin America draws growing numbers of country dwellers into urban centres.Rural dwellers currently represent over half – 60 per cent – of the population of developing countries. That share is expected to drop to 44 per cent by 2030 as millions more head for the cities, according to a report by the Roles of Agriculture programme. The continuing exodus is clearly bound to have profound social, economic and environmental repercussions. But appropriate agricultural policies can do much to regulate the rate of rural out-migration and ease the pressure on urban centres, the report says. This translates into reduced pollution, congestion, crime and disease caused by over-crowded living conditions.One reason why people move to the cities is in search of higher wages and the report says the governments can counter this by investing in education, and providing access to technology and physical and social infrastructure in rural areas so country dwellers could enjoy the same level of amenities as are available in towns.However, Randy Stringer, the senior economist in charge of the FAO study, says that not only are governments and communities not investing enough resources in agriculture but they are also failing to appreciate the sector’s indirect, non-food, importance in the development process.“Agriculture’s indirect contributions are not well understood, seldom analyzed in the context of development and rarely reflected in national and rural development policy formulation,” he said.
Alberta Food Banks get largest-ever donation from CIBC as demand soars by The Canadian Press Posted Mar 18, 2016 12:42 pm MDT Last Updated Mar 18, 2016 at 6:24 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email CALGARY – Alberta Food Banks says it has received its largest-ever donation as the worst economic downturn in decades causes demand to soar.The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (TSX:CM) is contributing $250,000 to the charity as food banks across the province struggle to keep pace with the need.The organization says food bank usage has spiked since late 2014, when oil prices began their steep descent, eventually leading to tens of thousands of job losses.It says 10 per cent of Alberta food banks ran out of food at one point last year — causing some to shrink the size of the hampers offered and others to even close temporarily.This year is already setting records for increased demand and Alberta Food Banks says the strain may not ease until mid-to-late 2017.Executive director Stephanie Rigby says she hopes CIBC’s donation causes other businesses to follow suit.
The Brock University Wind Ensemble and String Orchestra will conclude their seasons with popular repertoire and world-premiere performances in two upcoming recitals.Presented by Brock University’s Department of Music, the Wind Ensemble will host its recital, A Touch of Latin, on Tuesday, April 2 in Partridge Hall of the FirstOntario Performing Arts Centre (PAC).The Orchestra’s recital, A Spring Serenade, will take place on Wednesday, April 3 in the PAC’s Recital Hall.Conducted by Zoltan Kalman and George Cleland, respectively, the Wind Ensemble and String Orchestra bring Brock University students together with members of the community to perform for the public. These performances are a key part of the Marilyn I. Walker School of Fine and Performing Arts’ (MIWSFPA) mandate of building connections between the Niagara community and the breadth of talent and creativity at Brock.At A Touch of Latin, Kalman said concertgoers will be treated to an evening of brilliant works from a range of composers such as George Gershwin and John Mackey.“Our show will also feature an intriguing mix of different musical styles and three soloists — Mark Roberts, Rebecca Heathcote and myself — performing a world premiere under the baton of Sarah McKean,” he said. “From the high energy Redline Tango, to the splendid melodies of Cuban Overture and the grandiose Music for a Festival, our repertoire will highlight the versatility and brilliance of this dedicated group and offer non-stop entertainment for all ages.”Cleland said he is looking forward to the String Orchestra’s concert because preparations for the recital showcased a great period of growth for the players.A Spring Serenade will feature a performance of Tchaikovsky’s Serenade for Strings, which Cleland said is “one of the most popular pieces in the string orchestra repertoire, loved for its beautiful melodies and sensitive use of the tone colours of the orchestra.”Guests will also hear Vaughan Williams’ Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis, which is “a rich and intricate work, playing with antiphonal sound by breaking the ensemble into a string quartet and two string orchestras,” Cleland added.Tickets to A Touch of Latin and A Spring Serenade are available for purchase from the FirstOntario Performing Arts Centre box office by phone at 905-688-0722 or online at firstontariopac.caFor more information about the concerts or other music programming, visit brocku.ca/music
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedMinibus driver alleges police harassment; charged with resisting arrest & assaulting traffic rankNovember 14, 2013In “Crime”Albouystown man arraigned over alleged assault of CopsJuly 6, 2018In “Court”Minibus driver, conductor charged for assaulting peace officerFebruary 18, 2019In “Court” A 21-year-old block maker found himself before Principal Magistrate Judy Latchman facing three charges of resisting arrest, assault and threatening behaviour. He appeared at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts where he denied the offences.It is alleged that Christopher Christoph Nickelson on October 15, 2018 at Tucville Terrace, Georgetown, resisted arrest as Constable Troy Mayor, a peace officer was acting in prosecution of his duties. It was further alleged that Nickelson, on the same date at the same location, assaulted Constable Mayor along with using threatening language towards him, thereby breaching the peace.The unrepresented man told the court that he was also assaulted by the peace officer who threatened to shoot and kill him.However, the Police Prosecutor, Quinn Harris informed the court that it was the defendant who put up a fight after a report was made for his arrest. Prosecutor Harris however did not make any objections to bail.Nickelson was released on $15,000 bail and his case will continue on November 14.
AT LEAST 112,000 civilians have been killed in the 10 years since the US-led 2003 invasion of Iraq that ousted Saddam Hussein, a new report published today claims.Including combatants on all sides of the decade-long conflict, as well as yet undocumented civilian fatalities, the figure could rise as high as 174,000, according to the Britain-based Iraq BodyCount (IBC) group.“This conflict is not yet history,” it said in its report, which put the number of civilian deaths since March 20, 2003 at between 112,017 and 122,438. “It remains entrenched and pervasive, with a clear beginning but no foreseeable end, and very much a part of the present in Iraq.”IBC said that, over the years, Baghdad had been, and is still, the deadliest region in the country, accounting for 48 per cent of all deaths, while the conflict was bloodiest between 2006 and 2008.It noted that violence remains high, with annual civilian deaths of between four and five thousand roughly equivalent to the total number of coalition forces who died from 2003 up to the US military withdrawal in December 2011, at 4,804.The most violent regions were, after Baghdad, the northern and western provinces, dominated by Iraq’s Sunni Arab minority which controlled Iraq during Saddam’s rule but which has since been replaced by the Shiite majority.‘It was right’Meanwhile, the former British prime minister who led his country into the war remains adamant he took the right decision.Tony Blair and then US president George W Bush were both convinced of the need to act against Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein and his alleged weapons of mass destruction (WMD).However, these weapons never materialised and although Saddam was ousted within weeks of the March 2003 invasion, Iraq soon descended into chaos at the hands of insurgents and militia groups.“I still believe it was right to remove Saddam,” Blair told Britain’s ITV television. “We sometimes forget now what the regime was actually like and the devastation it caused.“Hundreds of thousands of people died in his wars. He used chemical weapons against his own people.”Blair’s name will be forever linked to the war in Iraq, and his rare public appearances in Britain are routinely dogged by protesters who want him tried for war crimes.- © AFP, 2013Read: The aftermath of war: UK military personnel ‘at increased risk of violent offending’Read: Vigil at Shannon Airport marks 10 year anniversary of Iraq war
http://jrnl.ie/3255857 By Aoife Barry .@Lavernecox reacts to Trump reversing transgender guidance, says it’s “about whether trans people have the right to exist in public space.” pic.twitter.com/S9NmCAG5Ru— The View (@TheView) February 23, 2017 Source: Janet Mock/Twitter Feb 23rd 2017, 8:06 PM THE YOUNG SINGER who sang the US national anthem at Donald Trump’s inauguration has spoken out about his reversal of Obama’s transgender school policy.This week, the Trump administration ended federal protection for transgender students that allowed them to use public school bathrooms and locker rooms matching their gender identities.The Justice and Education departments said in a letter that the Obama-era guidance caused a spike in lawsuits over how the guidance should be applied.It’s now up to states and school districts to interpret federal law and determine whether students should have access to restrooms in accordance with their expressed gender identity.What is the federal guidance for schools? Read more hereThe situation has caused massive upset in the US, with prominent personalities speaking out about the move. To young trans folk: Remember this is your school too. You deserve equal access, affirmation & education. You belong. Nothing is wrong w you— Janet Mock (@janetmock) February 23, 2017 Let me be clear: this is federally-sanctioned bullying & harassment of the most vulnerable kids in our nation.https://t.co/eszh79nqiP— Rep. Barbara Lee (@RepBarbaraLee) February 23, 2017 Among those to criticise the move was young singer Jackie Evancho, whose sister Juliet is transgender.Speaking to ABC, Jackie Evancho said she wants to “enlighten” Trump on the discrimination people like her sister face in school.Her sister Juliet said she lives discrimination every day, and has had things thrown at her in school.“The unsafe environment is just very unhealthy,” she said. “Donald Trump needs to know that being in such an unsafe environment won’t do any good for not only the transgenders and the LGBT community, but as well as everyone as a whole.”Jackie asked Trump, via Twitter, to meet her and her sister to discuss the issue: Image: Drew Gurian Source: The View/Twitter Source: Rep. Barbara Lee/Twitter Source: Téa Leoni/Twitter Source: jackie evancho/Twitter No matter what Trump says, my trans sisters are safe to “go“ with me. https://t.co/3sf9Sb88KY— Téa Leoni (@TeaLeoni) February 23, 2017 ‘I want to enlighten him’: Trump inauguration singer speaks out against transgender policy She joined a raft of other voices calling for Trump’s move to be rolled back. Short URL 17,328 Views Image: Drew Gurian . @realDonaldTrump u gave me the honor 2 sing at your inauguration. Pls give me & my sis the honor 2 meet with u 2 talk #transgender rghts ❤— Jackie Evancho (@jackieevancho) February 23, 2017 Share11 Tweet Email Thursday 23 Feb 2017, 8:06 PM Read: Trump overturns Obama’s school protections for transgender students> 28 Comments Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Les trois os de l’oreille découverts pour la première fois sur un fossile préhumain de 2 MaPubliant récemment ses travaux dans PNAS, une équipe internationale a pu, pour la première fois, étudier les 3 os de l’oreille moyenne d’un crâne fossilisé d’homininé vieux d’environ 2 millions d’années. Ceci a permis de constater un mélange de traits humains et simiens.Le marteau, l’enclume et l’étrier : les 3 os de l’oreille moyenne – les plus petits os du corps humain – sont exceptionnellement présents sur ce crâne fossilisé d’homininé estimé vieux de 1,9 millions d’années et mis au jour dans la grotte de Swartkrans, en Afrique du Sud. Une aubaine pour les chercheurs de l’A & M University (Texas), de l’université de Binghamton (État de New York) et leurs collègues espagnols et italiens, qui ont pu les étudier.À lire aussiDengue : symptômes, traitement, prévention, où en est-on ?”La découverte est importante pour deux raisons. D’abord, les osselets de l’oreille sont entièrement formés et de taille adulte dès la naissance, et ils ne subissent pas (…) de changements anatomiques (…). Ainsi, ils sont une représentation très proche de l’expression génétique. Deuxièmement, ces os montrent que la capacité auditive [de ces homininés] était différente de celle des humains”, explique Darryl de Ruiter, anthropologue à l’A & M University.Parmi ces 3 osselets, si l’enclume et l’étrier ont un aspect proche de ce que l’on observe chez les grands singes, le marteau, lui, ressemble à celui de l’homme moderne. “La bipédie et une réduction de la taille des canines ont longtemps été considérées comme des caractéristiques de l’humanité, car elles semblent être présentes chez les premiers fossiles humains récupérés à ce jour. Notre étude suggère [qu’il faut y ajouter] les changements dans le marteau”, conclut ainsi le Pr de Ruiter. (crédits photo : Texas A&M)Le 19 mai 2013 à 09:20 • Maxime Lambert
2019 Tech Trends Worth Getting Hyped AboutYou Can Finally Buy A Terabyte SD Card Thanks to Lexar Got a tubby cat? A smart treadmill, displayed at CES 2019, might just help your feline get on a fitness program this year. That is, if you have $1,800 to shell out.Korean startup Pet Ding’s The Little Cat is an IoT-based exercise machine designed with LED lights to coax your chubby kitty into taking a walk (or run) for better fitness.The app-controlled device lets users set fitness goals, or a time each day, analyze exercise data, and even lets pet owners check on their pet’s activity when they’re away from home, and give encouragement through recorded voice messages.The Little Cat automatically calculates the cat’s body-mass index and can customize the speed based on a cat’s needs.Photo Credit: Pet DingThe device’s auto mode can “provide the ideal workout program for your cat, and manage workout patterns.”The actual treadmill is lined with a changeable anti-slip, stain-proof pads, and users can also change colors of the LED lights.Photo Credit: Pet DingThe Little Cat comes in four jewel-themed colors, and is scheduled to be released later this year (most likely in Spring 2019).More on Geek.com:Walker the Robot Is Here to Help You Manage Your Smart HomeHyundai Unveils ‘Walking Car’ That Could Be Future of Disaster ResponseThis Pet Feeder Uses Facial Recognition So The Right Pet Gets Its Treats Stay on target
Wolves manager Nuno Espirito Santo is doing a “fantastic” job, says compatriot Jose MourinhoSanto will take his side over to Old Trafford on Saturday to face his former FC Porto boss Mourinho, as Wolves look to cause an upset and end Manchester United’s three game-winning run.The Premier League newcomers currently sit ninth in the standings and have made some key signings over the summer.The Wanderers’ good progress in the English top-flight has even seen coach Nuno linked to Mourinho’s post at United.“Really good, last season dominant and we all know it’s not easy to be dominant in the Championship even if you have the best team,” Mourinho told reporters in a pre-match press conference.“And it’s not easy to be dominant from the start to the end.Virgil van Dijk praises Roberto Firmino after Liverpool’s win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Virgil van Dijk hailed team-mate Roberto Firmino after coming off the bench to inspire Liverpool to a 3-1 comeback win against Newcastle United.“Strong [transfer] markets, great work, great adaptation in the Premier League, getting points and performances, not just the points, that makes them feel and everybody feel, including myself, that they are going to have a very stable season, very far from the problems that a team normally has coming from the Championship.“When they are players, always some players you have a feeling they can become managers, but even then I didn’t think about it at Porto, but 75 per cent of them are now managers.“Nuno reached the Premier League level and he reached it by his own merits and credits. He didn’t come direct, he came to the Championship.“He earned the right to be a Premier League manager and he’s done fantastic work, the results speak for themselves.”